Emergency lighting typically consists of the following components:

  1. Emergency escape lighting: This type of lighting activates when the normal power supply fails, providing immediate illumination to guide occupants to the nearest safe exit routes. It includes both exit signs and emergency luminaires, which are strategically placed to ensure visibility and unobstructed pathways.
  2. Standby lighting: Standby lighting is an optional component of emergency lighting systems, designed to provide a basic level of illumination to enable normal activities to continue during a power failure. It is not a legal requirement but can be beneficial in certain situations where uninterrupted operation is crucial.
  3. Escape route lighting: This lighting focuses specifically on ensuring that escape routes, such as corridors and stairways, are clearly visible and accessible during an emergency. It highlights important features like changes in floor levels, doors, and other potential obstacles that may impede evacuation.
  4. High-risk task area lighting: This component illuminates areas where potentially dangerous processes or equipment are present, allowing occupants to safely shut down or complete critical tasks before evacuating.
  5. Backup power supply: Emergency lighting systems require a reliable backup power source, such as batteries or generators, to ensure that they remain operational during a power outage or other emergencies.

These components work together to create a comprehensive emergency lighting system that is compliant with relevant safety regulations and standards, ensuring that occupants can safely evacuate a building in the event of an emergency.